presents ... presents ...
Ciudad Bolivar
Ciudad Bolivar
Ciudad Bolivar
Ciudad Bolivar

Historic Angostura: today's Bolivar City
Bolivar also gave its original name to the Angostura tree (Cusparia febrifuga) which grows in the area. The bark of the small shrub-like tree was traditionally used as a bitter tonic and fever reducer. Angostura bitters were invented there, although the company has since moved to Trinidad and Tobago.

Ciudad Bolivar &  Puerto Ordaz [Ciudad Guayana] are the gateway cities to the spectacular Canaima National Park
Angel Falls
Attraction_Review is in a spectacular National Park

Top Canaima National Park Attractions:

  1. Angel Falls the world's tallest waterfall
  2. La Gran Sabana
  3. Roraima
  4. Yurani Falls
  5. El Pauji
  6. Mt. Auyantepui
  7. Salto Aponguao
  8. Kavak

Trip Reports
Yekuana indians:
The drive from Caracas to Ciudad Bolivar is not a good way to spend one's time. The groups normally fly into Ciudad Bolivar, which I would suggest. ...One of the best activities was a hike to Para Falls, which is a pristine place visited by very few tourists. It was absolutely breathtaking in its beauty!

It is fascinating to meet the indigenous Yekuana indians and to learn about their culture. While they have their own language, many of them spoke Spanish as well. They were very friendly and eager to talk with us.

In order to do this trip, it is necessary to go with a tour company that is established in the area.  [more]
"Cuidad Bolivar is a quaint, hot city on the bank of the Orinoco River. Take a taxi to the Paseo Orinoco on the waterfront where there exists several budget hotels (US$7-10/night) that have tour agents. Example...
Hotel Italia has Cunaguaro Tours and Hotel Colonial has NecKar Tours; both provide customers for Kamaracoto Tours operating at Canaima Airport.
by alan Taylor for
"This is Latin America so buses are packed and the music really loud! But if you want a real feel for Ciudad Bolivar, take the bus around town. You can even take the bus from the Paseo Orinoco to the bus terminal. Just check out the one that has "pepsi" on it. You won't be able to forget that right.
The only thing you need to be carefull about is the time. It's rare to see a bus past 6.30pm.

One bus ride is: 500bolivares/person (a taxi ride: 5000bolivares)
" ---Written by vivacolombia on Mar 27, 2006
Birding in 2001:
"We started in an old gas-guzzling minibus but soon had doubts about its capability and safety. After a wheel fell off on the 6th day, while driving at speed, we declined to use it again and caught a public bus for the major part of the journey that day." [more}
Bolivarian model of renewal
Cabruta is a fishing town on the Orinoco river in Las Mercedes municipality, State of Guárico, site of a Jesuit mission, and the site of a proposed bridge across the Orinoco to Caicara, Bolívar State, Strategically centered  where the states of Bolivar, Guarico, Apure and Barinas join together Cabruta unites the states of Bolivar and Guarico and initiates the trail of “aquaculture” that reigns throughout the region. There was a fish processing and freezing center in Cabruta which closed in 1998 which the Chavez Bolivarian government is in the midst of reopening. Cotton is grown in the surrounding area and a textile processing plant has been proposed. The Venezuelan government has also proposed building an oil refinery there.
The refinery location, 600 km from the Venezuelan coast, has been criticized as inefficient investment of US$6 billion, but from Chavez's viewpoint it helps "democratise" national petroleum wealth and re-distribute this among the poor. A railway to Capruna is being built by an Italian conglomerate and is due to be completed in 2012.

“We are with Chávez,” most cried, out of the depths of their misery, “but we need help, we are forgotten.” It’s true. These lands are centuries behind. No running water, sparse electricity, no cellular telephone connections, no paved roads – just the river flowing by....

River of hope, river of change, river that flows through the heart of Venezuela, bringing the revolution to the forgotten, the miserable, the wretched.  When both eyes are given sight again, we will embark upon the true revolution that will change Venezuela, and the world, forever.

Eva Golinger is a Venezuelan-American attorney and the author of “The Chávez Code: Cracking US Intervention in Venezuela.”

7 headed serpent
Ciudad Bolivar is where the mighty  Orinoco River narrows while becoming as deep as 100 meters. This where the 7 headed serpent resides:

"This rock and the turbulences of the great river basin have also favored the sprouting of oral traditions among the racially mixed population, specially between the fishermen, referred to the existence of a mysterious monster in the depths, the “Serpiente de las Cuatro Cabezas” (Seven heads serpent), that devours the boats .

"From an environmental point of view, this space constitutes a natural reservoir that shelters a remarkable ecosystem with great variety of species of plants, birds, reptiles -including the turtle “arrau” (Podocnemis espansa) in serious risk of extinction- and aquatic mammals, emphasizing sirenians like the almost extinct “manatí” and cetaceans like the “tonina” or “boto” and the “delfín negro” or “delfín de río” (black dolphin or river dolphin), frequently found in the Orinoco river basin and its affluents. "
{ More from]

Caura river Fauna
What does the Caura River Basin hold? In its 45,336 square km are virgin forests with more than 2,700 plant species, 475 bird species, 168 types of mammals, 23 kinds of reptiles, and several hundred fish species.

Scientists studying the unspoiled jungle Caura river wilderness in Venezuela announcedin Augugust of 2003 the discovery of 10 new fish species, including a red-tailed tiddler, a "punk" catfish with a spiky head and a piranha that eats fruit as well as flesh.

The Caura River Basin requires immediate and urgent protection as a wildlife reserve," said Antonio Machado, a zoologist from Venezuela's Central University who announced the new fish discoveries in Caracas.

New species of bloodfin tetra from the Upper Caura River in Venezuela
Among the 10 new freshwater fish species logged was a tiny fish with a blood-red tail, a previously unknown variety of the Bloodfin Tetra family, which is popular with aquarium owners.
Machado said it was essential to preserve intact the free-flowing watercourse of the 420-mile Caura River, which is one of the tributaries of the mighty Orinoco."They can do what they like on the Caroni, but they must leave the Caura alone," Machado said.

Attractions: Ciudad Bolivar
Caicara de Orinoco
Caura River
Caura River Fauna
Cauru River
Gateway to Canaima
Getting Around
Getting There
Guri Dam
Guri Lake
Historic Angostura
Lake Guri
Las Trincheras
Las Trincheras
Orinoco River
Para Falls
Places To Stay
Puerto Ayacucho
Seven-Headed Serpent
To Caimana National Park
Tour Angel Falls
Tours: Ciudad Bolivar & Cauru River
Trip Reports
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Mt Roraima Gran Sabana
Canaima-Angel Falls Nat. Park
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Bolívar (state)
Ciudad Bolívar(pop. 300,000)
Orinoco River
Puerto Ayacucho
Casiquiare canal
 Guiana Shield
Gulf of Paría
 Coat of Arms of Bolívar State
Bolívar (state)Location of Bolívar State
Bolivar translated from espanol to english by google
Caroní (Ciudad Guayana)
Cedeño (Caicara del Orinoco)
El Callao (El Callao)
Gran Sabana (Santa Elena de Uairén)
Heres (Ciudad Bolívar)
Padre Pedro Chien (El Palmar)
Piar (Upata)
Raúl Leoni (Ciudad Piar)
Roscio (Guasipati)
Sifontes (Tumeremo)
Sucre (Maripa)
Canaima National Park is the second largest park in the country, after Parima-Tapirapecó.
Guri Dam
Guri Dam is on the Caroni River, one hundred kilometers from the confluence with the Orinoco River. One of the largest in the world provides over 70% of Venezuela's electricity. The development of Guri in his first stage began in 1963 and was finalized in 1978 with a capacity of 2,065 Megawatts in 10 units and with the dam to a

The first phase of the two-part Guri dam project was completed in 1968. It raised the water level over 390 feet (120 meters) above that of the original Caroni River.

When the dam's second phase was finished in 1986, the water level rose steadily over a year by another 164 feet (50 meters), and about a thousand hilltops became islands in a human-made lake.

You can visit the second largest hydro electricity dam in the world called the Raul Leoni Dam. A bus will take the visitors to the dam, where  well trained guides can explain the man-made wonder to you.

Guri Lake
 The lake formed is  one of the largest man made lakes in the world stretching approximately 175 km's long and 48 kms wide. In this lake you can fish pavones and enjoy other recreational facilities. Lake Guri is recognized as a premier Peacock Bass fishing destination. Discover hundreds of miles of shoreline and thousands of arms and fingers are dotted with islands, coves and bays filled with trophy fish.

The timber was left prior to flooding the lake area and still stands upright just under the surface and poking out of the water closer to the shoreline and surrounding the islands in the lake. This makes is a great habitat for the fish. The lake islands were the subject of an important study which showed how animal populations lose their balance with nature when predators are removed. 

Para Falls
During rain season the waterfall has more water than the famous Iguassu Falls. You can navigate as far as Salto Pará, camp in the middle of the river on a sand bank called El Playón, climb up to the hydrological sub-station where you can appreciate the beauty of the falls.
From Las Trincheras its  a 2-3 day expedition up the river in dugout canoes can be made to the spectacular El Playon - Para Falls You travel by motorized dugout canoe (a “curiara”  or long Indian canoe). . It takes at least 2 days since the 130 km upriver through rapids is a 5-6 hours ride. Then Walk to the Para-Falls (about 2-2,5 hrs., 7km, 250 m difference in altitude). In the morning, the landscape is covered by a dense fog which slowly disperses with the sun. This fog-phenomenon results from water heating up during the day and the cool air lying over it during a clear night.

You stay overnight in the hamlet of El Playón, which has a large white sand beach 

 Puerto Ayacucho
 The capital and largest city of Amazonas state in Venezuela. Puerto Ayacucho is located across the Orinoco River from the Colombian village of Casuarito. In 1997 its population was approximately 70,000.

The city was founded to facilate the transport of goods past the Atures Rapids on the Orinoco River in the late 19th century (mostly rubber). Now the economy is supported by both national and international tourism. Also based here is the Venezuelan army and navy, conducting a continuous low level campaign against incursions and drug-runners from nearby Colombia. The climate is equatorial and the surrounding rainforests are some of the worlds least explored and most untouched. The nearby forested mountains (Tepuis) contain some the worlds least investigated micro systems.

Two hundred km to the south is one of the natural world's great wonders, the Casiquiare canal, a waterway that links South America's two greatest river systems, the Amazon and the Orinoco. This was explored by naturalist Humboldt in the nineteenth century, though first reported more than a century earlier. The water in this link flows into the Rio Negro, tributary of the Amazon, from the Orinoco River though much more is gathered en route from numerous tributaries. Nowadays tourists can organise a trip along it from Puerto Ayacucho.

90Km to the East is the second highest waterfall in Venezuela, the 2,200ft Yutaje falls. Nearby is the Yutaje Tourist Lodge with its own airstrip in the jungle

"Yutaje is the oldest of the Amazonian jungle lodges. It was established in 1962 by the Italian José Raggi, who died in 1999. Raggi literally carved the landing strip out of the jungle with nothing more than his bare hands so that his friends in the military could begin to fly in the materials he needed from "civilization." Today, with satellites beaming soccer matches, and faxes confirming reservations, it's still hard to fathom how a camp can survive out here in the wilderness. [more at]


 With its picturesque location on a rocky elevation on the southern banks of the Orinoco River, Ciudad Bolívar, the capital of Venezuela's largest state. The beginnings of Ciudad Bolívar date from the 16th century. Vista de Ciudad Bolívar

Appreciate the many interesting architectural details and unique geographically influenced construction, check out
the shops, visit museums and historic structures -all within easy walking distance of the Mirador

The river front boulevard, Paseo Orinoco, is a popular place for a stroll, with old buildings lining one side of the street and the river running along the other. There is also a beautifully restored colonial quarter, with charming colonial buildings around the "Plaza Bolivar", including a cathedral. In the Plaza Bolívar, declared a national monument and focal point of historical events in this city, along with the customary statue of Simón Bolívar are five allegorical figures representing each of the countries he liberated from Spanish rule: Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolívar, Colombia, and Peru. Some 10 blocks south of the plaza is Fortín Zamuro. Nearby, facing Plaza Miranda is the Centro de las Artes. Erected in 1870, in its "former life" it served variously as a hospital, military barracks, jail, prefecture, and even the capitol building. It now holds changing expositions as well as offices of the state's cultural Department.

The town lies at a narrowing of the Orinoco River and the original name was a contraction of the town's full descriptive name, 'Santo Tomé de Guayana de Angostura del Orinoco', "Saint Thomas of Guayana of the narrows of the Orinoco." The city lies at a spot where the Orinoco narrows to about 1 mile (1.6 km) in width, and today is the site of the only bridge across the river. Two more bridges are under construction.

The City was founded with the name Angostura in 1764, renamed in 1846, and, as of 2000, had an estimated population of 312,691.

It today serves as an important port of eastern Venezuela on the Orinoco River. One of the Orinoco Basin's chief commercial centers, its main products include gold, iron ore, cattle, hides and rare woods. To the south of the Orinoco are Venezuela’s Guayana and Amazon regions, which together comprise nearly half of the country’s territory.

Some visitors returning to Venezuela travel up the mighty Orinoco river to Bolivar and make their plans to explore the Guayana Highlands where you can find the vertical cliffs of the many tepuys dating back millions of years. Roraima was one that inspired Arthur Conan Doyle to write The Lost World. And atop another tepuy, Jimmie Angel, the discoverer of Angels Falls, the world’s highest waterfall, landed his airplane

The Spanish conquistadors lived their dreams of gold god & glory and few dreams were as powerful as the search for El Dorado, the "great and golden city"  Each failure to find El Dorado, over the course of centuries, caused its purported location to shift. Among its most famous and earliest explorers was Sir Walter Raleigh who sought El Dorado in the heart of Guiana, a region that today accounts for nearly half of Venezuela's territory. He confidently placed the golden city of Manoa at the center of a map he created, on the shores of the mythical lake Parima.

A port city: The town of Angostura, in the early years of its foundation, had no direct communication with the mother-country. The inhabitants were contented with carrying on a trifling contraband trade in dried meat and tobacco with the West India Islands, and with the Dutch colony of Essequibo, by the Rio Carony. Neither wine, oil, nor flour, three articles of importation, most sought after, was received directly from Spain. This led some merchants, in 1771, to send the first schooner to Cadiz; and a regular direct exchange of commodities with the ports of Andalusia and Catalonia followed.
The population of Angostura, having  languished for decades then saw much growth ( Santo Thome de la Nueva Guayana reported  in 1768, only 500 Angostura inhabitants which by 1780 had grown to 1513 (455 Whites, 449 Blacks, 363 Mulattoes and Zamboes, and 246 Indians). The population in the year 1789 rose to 4590; and in 1800 to 6600 souls.
The mouths of the Orinoco afforded  advantages over other parts of the country, allowing prompt communications with the Peninsula and a routine passage to Spain. The voyage from Cadiz to Punta Barima is performed sometimes in eighteen or twenty days. The return to Europe takes from thirty to thirty-five days.
The vessels of Angostura maintained a more advantageous commerce with the West Indies than La Guayra and Porto Cabello. earning the jealousy of the merchants of Caracas for Spanish Guiana. Since Caracas was long the seat of the supreme government, the port of Angostura has been treated with still less favour than the ports of Cumana and Nueva Barcelona.  [more]

HQ of the Revolution:
The city served as the headquarters of the national revolutionary government fighting its War of Independence against imperial Spain.
The Congress of Angostura declared South American military leader and revolutionary Simón Bolívar the President of Venezuela, and on December 17, 1819, declared the creation of the Republic of Gran Colombia, with Bolívar still as president. Bolivar's famous prophetic and inspiring address to the congress, distinguishing the Venezuelan character from the North American one, with its "weak and complicated system" of government, and emphasizing the Venezuelan revolutionaries' extraordinary and complicated position ("We are not Europeans; we are not Indians"), advocated a parliamentary system based on the British model, with a hereditary senate.

Bolivar State office of Turismo is at 59 Av Bolivar between Av Tachira and Av Germania tel. 632-613/2362 weekdays 8-12 & 14-17:30

Getting There
Daily flights from Canaima to Ciudad Bolívar. - Daily flights from Santa Elena to Ciudad Bolívar.

BUS: From Caracas, take the Rodovias night bus to Ciudad Bolivar. Save by booking your tour to the Guyana highlands.

Getting Around the City 

At night call for a taxi as it can be hard to find one on the streets.
Getting to Caimana National Park
From these two towns (Ciudad Bolivar is more geared to tourism and so probably easier to arrange transportation) one can also fly into the Gran Sabana and Canaima National Park: in large planes to Canaima and Santa Elena de Uairen, and in six-seater small planes to the towns and missionary settlements: Canaima, Kamarata, Kavanayen, Wonken, El Pauji, Ikabaru and Santa Elena.

One can also rent cars (preferably high clearance) in Puerto Ordaz (Ciudad Guayana) or Ciudad Bolivar on the Orinoco and drive south along the highway. Two roads split from the main north-south highway, allowing one to penetrate other parts of the region. One heads to the mission of Kavanayen, via the lovely waterfalls of Chinak Meru. Another heads west from Santa Elena to the small and interesting village of El Pauji and on to the mining town of Icabaru.

Booking a Tour to Angel Falls
 It is cheapest to book a tour from Ciudad Bolivar. Nearly all the angel falls tours operate out of this city, and their prices include the cost of a plane that flies from Ciudad Bolivar to Canaima. Expect to pay between Bs. 500,000 and 600,000 (approximately US$ 250) for a three-day tour that brings you to the falls. More expensive tours may include a flight that takes you right over the falls.

A typical tour will include the flight to Canaima, and then three days of meals and (very simple and rustic) accommodation at the various campsites along the river towards the falls. Boat rides along with sections of hiking are required to get to the campsites. Tour guides typically speak spanish and english.

Places To Stay
Laja Real: Rooms: 74 Average price*: $44
Ave Andres Bello | Con Calle Jesus Soto, Ciudad Bolivar 8001, Venezuela
"Excellent medium-sized and old-fashioned hotel"
This TripAdvisor Member:
Liked: Nicest people in the country
Disliked: a bit old.. they should change the furniture...
Tips/Secrets: Just in front of the airport, just cross the street
 Posada Angostura [22 rooms]
 Calle Boyaca entre Venezuela y Bolivar, Ciudad Boliviar, Venezuela Phone:  +58-285-632463 Fax:  +58-285-6324639
a beautiful colonial style inn. Rooms with air-conditioned, fan and private bathroom. On the second floor, there is a cozy balcony with an excellent view of the Orinoco river and of the Angostura bridge.
Posada "La Casita" [3 rooms + hammocks]
 Telephone:    +58 (0) 285-63 23 223  run by Germans Maria und Peter Rothfuss. toll-free shuttle service to the airport or busstation. Tours arranged
Posada Amor Patrio located behind the cathedral provide five tastefully decorated rooms with fan, shared bathroom and shared kitchen. If the rooms are full you can grab a hammock upstairs with view on the Orinoco River. Price is Bs. 35,000 (11 US$) for a three person room.
Posada Don Carlos, Calle Boyacá (con Amor Patrio), 0058-285-6326017 (cel. 0058-414-8546616 or 0058-414-8569788), [1] Located in an old mansion. Shared kitchen. Price for a double room is Bs. 25,000 (12 US$) and a hammock Bs. 10,000 (5 US$).
Caicara de Orinoco
Hotel Miami  Tel. (035)67.587).
Cauru River
Las Trincheras
Caura Lodge [rooms 17]
  Las Trincheras, Caura River, Rio Caura, Venezuela Phone:  +58-285-6324639 Fax:  +58-285-6324639
The camp is at the edge of the village, on the banks of the Rio Caura. The terrace has an excellent view.

A huge colonial house with a spacious kitchen with delicious home cooked meals. Sleep in one of the Churuatas in Hammock equipped with mosquito net or indoors in a double room with private bath

Caurama [18 double rooms with private bath and ceiling fans] North-east of the State, reserva forestal Caura (Caura Forest Reservation They have their own landing strip.

Daily rides to the Raudales de la Leona, where
you can enjoy a natural pool of Laja Roja (red flagstone); excursions to the Sipao river and visits to the La Faltriquera farm, which raises Asian buffaloes.

Camp: Yokore
Yokore island, Puerto Jabillal, Caura River.

Churuatas provides roof and stucture for sleeping in hammocks or in tents. There is no electricity or other facilities. Primitive and authentic.

GETTING THERE: By land from Ciudad Bolívar to Puerto Jabillal on Caura River.Then by river in dug-out canoe from the port to Yokore island

 Recommendations Canoe equipment should fit in a
lightweight, waterproof bag which does not exceed 5 kilos.

Lake Guri
Lake Guri Peacock Bass Fishing Lodge at
 telephone, high speed internet
Pool & Hot Tub

The "Paovon Lodge" is located at the southwest of Lake Guri in the southeast of Venezuela. Guests will be staying in our fine Lodge, which name comes from the combination of the town "El Pao" and the fish"Pavon"(Peacock Bass in Spanish).

Campament: Diamante Inn 4 churuatas (indigenous-style structure) with full size or double beds, some
with air conditioning, private bathroom, hot water, refrigerator, mini-bar,
Swimming pool,

South of Lake Guri, in the banks of the river Paragua, 500 m. from La Paragua.

GETTING THERE: By land from Ciudad Bolívar following the way to La Paragua. By air in light planes to small landing strip of 1,200 m.

The main attraction is navigating the Paragua river toward its original sources  passing through La Gran Sabana as well as areas of Amazon jungle. Those who wish to tempt fortune may also look for their
own diamonds in the mines of the region. Sports fishermen can land huge peacock bass and payara.
Camp: Kavac

North of Kamarata in Canaima national park.

GETTING THERE: By air from Porlamar (Margarita Island) and Ciudad Bolívar to Kavac. The only way is by light plane passing over the impressive Angels Falls prior to landing in this
Attractions: Ciudad Bolivar
Ciudad Boivar was one of only five cities selected as world heritage sites to recognize the 500th anniversary of America's discovery. There are many charming restored colonial buildings throughout the city.
Plaza Bolívar, declared a national monument , along with the customary statue of Simón Bolívar are five allegorical figures representing each of the countries he liberated from Spanish rule: Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolívar, Colombia, and Peru.
Centro de las Artes.
Erected in 1870, in its "former life" it served variously as a hospital, military barracks, jail, prefecture, and even the
capitol building. It now holds changing expositions as well as offices of the sta-te's cultural Department
Museo de Arte Moderno Jesús Soto/ Jesús Soto Museum Jesús-Rafael_Soto famous for his op art works. In 1973, the "Jesús Soto Museum of Modern Art" opened in Ciudad Bolívar, Venezuela with a collection of his work - a large number of the exhibits are wired to the electricity supply so that they can move . The first stage was designed by the legendary Venezuelan ar-chitect, Carlos Raúl Villanueva, and Edgar Parra responsible for the second part. The focus of the complex's galleries is works of Jesús Soto, world-famous for his kinetic art. He was born in this city.
Caicara de Orinoco (Bolívar)

Near Caicara de Orinoco, there are six archeological sites with petroglyphs, some of which also have had ceramic pieces found nearby. These sites have been named Cedeño, Punta Cedeño, El Guamo, La Francesa, La Lajota, and Caja de Agua.The dates for the petroglyphs and objects date from a period between 600 B.C. to 400 A.D.
Trips can be arranged to the diamond mines at Los Caribes. In Icaban, after a heavy rainfall, it is common to see children searching the slopes for gold nuggets washed down from the slopes.
Orinoco River
The great Orinoco River is a crucial part of the Venezuelan environment. It originates 1,047 meters above sea level in the Venezuelan State of Amazonas, in the southern part of the country at the Brazilian border. The majority of its length is navigable, one spectacular exception being the thundering rapids of the Atures and Maipures streams. Two hundred major and 600 minor tributaries flow into its waters.

The river is navigable for most of its length, and dredging enables ocean ships to go as far as Ciudad Bolívar, the confluence of the Caroní River, 435 km upstream. River steamers carry cargo as far as Puerto Ayacucho and the Atures Rapids.

The Orinoco river deposits also contains extensive tar sands in the orinoco oil belt, which may be a source of future oil production.

Robinson Crusoe (a fictional character created by Daniel Defoe) was stranded on an island near the mouth of the Orinoco river on September 30, 1659 which is believed to be Tobago.

Caura River
The Caura River is one of the principal southern tributaries of the Orinoco. A forest area of the Caura river, rich in flora and fauna, with some 400 different species of birds. River and its black waters cut through jungles and mountains which have yet to be explored by non-natives. The Yekuana and Makiritare Indians inhabit the region.

 This is the region with the greatest rainfall in the country (3,280 mm per year) which accounts for the great flow of the rivers and exuberant, captivating flora. Here, the main attraction is the jungle and landscape which can be enjoyed navigating on the river or on walks.

Most of the basin is a forest preserve with several national parks and natural monuments, including the Sarisariñama sink hole, a geologic formation dating to the Precambrian period, and "tepuyes", flat-topped, vegetation covered mountains.

The Caura River flows 700 km from its headwaters near the Brazilian border, 2,000 meters above sea level, to where it joins the Orinoco.

Payara, sardinata and peacock bass make up the "most wanted" list of highly rated gamefish.

The Caura River Basin sits atop the Guayana Shield, a single massive geological formation that runs beneath northeastern South America.

The Caura River Basin is home to 30 percent of all Venezuela's recorded species and 28 percent of the country's freshwater fish species. Comprised of inland and flooded forests, the vegetation around the basin is 85 percent intact and pristine, largely due to the indigenous Ye'kwana people, who carefully manage the area.

Because the Caura River Basin is so rich in animal and plant species and it is facing increasing threats from expanding agriculture frontiers, plans for a hydroelectric dam and commercial logging, conservationists are urging the Venezuelan government to create a new protected area in this region.

While the Venezuelan government appears to be in no hurry to take advantage of the hydroelectric potential of the southeastern Caura River environmentalists  are not going to let down their guard. The watershed of the Caura, which flows into the Orinoco River, could also be diverted to the Caroni River, where sits the Guri dam -- the third largest hydroelectric dam in the world.

Las Trincheras
There is a part of the Caura river, where tremendous granite rock interrupts passage and where at some parts walls of accumulated rock has formed somewhat like a ditch, (trinchera). This jungle village Las Trincheras was founded mainly due to the presence of a very valuable tree called SARRAPIA and the fact that the paddle wheel boats could go no further on the river at this spot. The natural trench presented by the rocks gave "Las Trincheras" its name.

A partly paved dirt road leads through a dense jungle to Las Trincheras. Today, the year-round population is less than 100. When the oil-boom came to Venezuela, many Trincherenos left for cities. Those that remain live by fishing and farming their "conucos" (small fields made by fire clearing

Daily excursions can be made to an island of granite-rock in the Rio Caura, Peña Negra as well as the "La Leona Falls" in the Sierra de Maigualida, and animal-observations in the "Caño Mato".
Peña Negra, is a huge granite rock in the middle of the Caura River known for its spectacular views in the midst of the rainforest jungle. It is an not far from Las Trincheras.

Sarapia, a sort of nut-fruit, was valuable to medicine and perfume industries because for its special oil and was the impetus for the first settlements on the Caura River.

Visit the Yekwana indians, who still rely on hunting and primitive cultivation of manioc, en route to the Para Falls. They are renowned for particularly fine basketry.

Tours: Ciudad Bolivar & Cauru River Day 1 - 6: Mystical River - 'Rio Caura'
Day 1: Upon arrival in Caracas airport, we will start our traveling to the southern part of the country. All night drive to the small village of Cabruta, which is located close to the Orinoco River. From Cabruta we will continue our drive to our camp in 'Las Trincheras'.
Day 2: Morning arrival to Cabruta to catch the
ferryboat to cross the River Orinoco. We will then go on to the village of Maripa and take the detour to Las Trincheras the place where the camp is located.
To make a journey with
Salto Para 1.JPG the boat on his majestic stream and to observe the immense and dense tropical rainforest with its rich fauna is an unforgettable experience. But also the visit to the wonderful Pará waterfall is a highlight of this trip.
Jungle and Beaches a good alternative to Caimana National Park
The River Caura is a quite unknown river in the centre of Venezuela. It is a hidden paradise with a great beach, an amazing waterfall and lots of opportunities to observe wild animals.
The voyage will be carried out river up, with your kayak rowing against the current, challenging streams and geographical accidents; will be necessary to row, halar and until loading the kayak, camping in the river beaches that have been formed this summer. It is a touching and demanding trip in one of the virgin regions of our geography.
Huge granite rocks prevented paddle-wheel-boats from pushing forward on the Caura into the untouched forests. Where the first rocks bared the way of those ships, the "Sarrapia-Searchers" settled down. The natural trench presented by the rocks gave "Las Trincheras" its name. The Rio Caura is the only "street" providing a connection to civilisation.
Humboldt Neotropical Field Seminars

Botany Along the Lower Caura River in Venezuela
May  2005 Study savanna, aquatic and floodplain vegetation; primary evergreen tierra firme forest; vegetation of granitic islands and outcrops; shifting cultivation fields, and successional vegetation.
co-sponsored by the Jardin Botanico del Orinoco, the Universidad Nacional Experimental de Guyana (UNEG), and the Ye'kwana indigenous organization KUYUJANI.

Discover South America's Most Challenging Fish. Stretching 220 miles in length, the Caura's clear-flowing waters hold hundreds of different fish species. Payara, sardinata and peacock bass make up the "most wanted" list of highly rated gamefish. Morocoto, piranha, cachama, curvinata and guavina add to your angling experience. Your host is Carlos Aristeguieta, the IGFA's international representative in Venezuela.
Drive to the Caura Lodge (4.5 - 5 hrs.)
At 09:30 AM. we meet at Hotel Valentina in Ciudad Bolívar to load our Jeep. Our journey starts to Caicara del Orinoco, always going parallel to the Orinoco.

Para Falls Expedition, Caura Forest Reserve
4 nights journey by river through tropical rain forest to the base of one of the most stunning, yet least visited waterfalls in Venezuela
The  Caura river region remains still as one of the less known sites, since it passes through endless jungle and untouched rain forest
Each participant is advised to bring: Passport and tourist- card, a pair of tennis shoes, a long sleeved shirt, long pants, shorts, T-shirts, bathing suit, towel, a hat, a light raincoat, insect repellent, suncream, flashlight, camera and films.  Travel Agency, organizes excursions in Canaima, Angel Falls, Gran Sabana, Orinoco Delta, Amazons, Isla Margarita and Los Roques

Calle Bolívar, Edificio Roque Center # 6, Ciudad Bolívar Estado Bolívar, Venezuela.Ph. (58)(285)632-0748/ (58)(285)808-5753Fax: (58)(285)632-0748Tel. celular (58)(416)685-2465

Last Update: NOV2006 || Main Page: