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The festival of Isis, where her image was carried to the sea-shore to bless the start of the sailing season, was called the "Carrus Navalis"  ("ship cart"),and many believe this is the true origin of the word "Carnival"  

Today, the tallest Egyptian Obelisk ever created graces the square of the Pope's cathedral in the Vatican of Rome. It was created by the ruler of the 18th Egyptian dynasty, who also placed the dream stele between the Sphinx's paws. The growing uncontrolled worship of Isis by the lower classes was the most compelling reason the Roman Empire was willing to merge their official religion, Mithraism, with Christianity to become the Roman Catholic Church.

She was worshipped throughout the Greco-Roman world. During the fourth century when Christianity was remade as the official "Roman Catholic" religion of the Roman Empire, her worshippers founded the first Madonna cults in order to keep her influence alive.

Some early Christians even called themselves Pastophori, meaning the shepherds or servants of Isis. . . which may be where the word "pastors" originated. The influence of Isis is still seen in the Christian icons of the faithful wife and loving mother. Indeed, the ancient images of Isis nursing the infant Horus inspired the style of portraits of mother and child for centuries, including those of the "Madonna and Child" found in religious art.

There are many modern Carnival celebrations that continue in the classic model of the Roman Egyptian Isis Downloadfestivals, including the ship models of Isis-Navigium.

During the celebration of the return of spring sailing season, Isis restores her husband-brother to life by towing a boat filled with sacred waters [1]. Queen Aset ("Isis") is hononred as the Ocean Star - or Stella Maris, as Mary would later be called in Latin  -- the guide and protector of navigators. On the evening of this festival, there are ceremonies and songs on boats that blaze with lamps and colors.


Astarte was connected with fertility, sexuality, and war. Her symbols were the lion, the horse, the sphinx, the dove, and a star within a circle indicating the planet Venus. Pictorial representations often show her naked.

Astarte was accepted by the Greeks under the name of Aphrodite. The island of Cyprus, one of Astarte's greatest faith centers, supplied the name Cypris as Aphrodite's most common byname.

Other major centers of Astarte's worship were Sidon, Tyre, and Byblos. Coins from Sidon portray a chariot in which a globe appears, presumably a stone representing Astarte. In Sidon, she shared a temple with Eshmun. At Beirut coins show Poseidon, Astarte, and Eshmun worshipped together. Other faith centers were Cytherea, Malta, and Eryx in Sicily from which she became known to the Romans as Venus Erycina. A bilingual inscription on the Pyrgi Tablets dating to about 500 BC found near Caere in Etruria equates Astarte with Etruscan Uni-Astre that is, Juno. At Carthage Astarte was worshipped alongside the goddess Tanit

The tallest Egyptian Obelisk graces the square in front of the Lateran Basilica in Rome. This the cathedral church of Rome and the official ecclesiastical seat of the Bishop of Rome, who is the Pope. Officially named Archibasilica Sanctissimi Salvatoris ("Archbasilica of the Most Holy Saviour"), it is the oldest and ranks first (being the cathedral of Rome) among the four major basilicas of Rome, and holds the title of ecumenical mother church (mother church of the whole inhabited world) among Roman Catholics.

Twenty-eight ancient Egyptian are known to have survived, plus the "Unfinished Obelisk" found partly hewn from its quarry at Aswan. These Obelisks are now dispersed worldwide, and only eight remain in Egypt.

Iemanja (Yemaja, Imanja, Yemayá, Jemanja, Yemalla, Yemana, Yemanja, Yemaya, Yemayah, Yemoja, Ymoja, Nanã, La Sirène, LaSiren, Mami Wata) - divine mother goddess, divine goddess of the sea and Mother of mankind. The lineage is traced from Africa through the  Yoruba spiritual lineages to include Anago, Oyotunji, Candomblé and Lucumí/Santería
and practitioners are found throughout areas of Brazil, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, the United States, Mexico and Venezuela.
often referred to as a prostitute, but she was never called one in the New Testament. Mary Magdalene is honored as one of the first witnesses of the Resurrection of Jesus, and received a special commission from him to tell the Apostles of his resurrection (John 20:11–18. Mary's role as a witness is interesting due to the fact women at that time could not be witnesses in legal proceedings.citation needed] Because of this, and because of her subsequent missionary activity in spreading the Gospel, she is known by the title, "Equal of the Apostles."
The French tradition of Saint Lazare of Bethany is that Mary, her brother Lazarus, and Maximinus, one of the Seventy Disciples and some companions, expelled by persecutions from the Holy Land, traversed the Mediterranean in a frail boat with neither rudder nor mast and landed at the place called Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer near Arles. Mary Magdalene came to Marseille and converted the whole of Provence. Magdalene is said to have retired to a cave on a hill by Marseille, La Sainte-Baume ("holy cave", baumo in Provencal), where she gave herself up to a life of penance for thirty years. When the time of her death arrived she was carried by angels to Aix and into the oratory of Saint Maximinus, where she received the viaticum; her body was then laid in an oratory constructed by St. Maximinus at Villa Lata, afterwards called St. Maximin.

In 1279, when Charles II, King of Naples, erected a Dominican convent at La Sainte-Baume, the shrine was found intact, with an explanatory inscription stating why the relics had been hidden.

In 1600, the relics were placed in a sarcophagus commissioned by Pope Clement VIII, the head being placed in a separate reliquary. The relics and free-standing images were scattered and destroyed at the Revolution. In 1814, the church of La Sainte-Baume, also wrecked during the Revolution, was restored, and, in 1822, the grotto was consecrated afresh. The head of the saint now lies there and has been the centre of many pilgrimages.

Other religions, especially Christian Mysticism and many New Age faiths, venerate Mary Magdalene as the Bride of Christ, an avatar of Sophia, and even the Co-Messiah with Jesus Christ, or simply combine all three.

Some modern writers have come forward with claims that Mary Magdalene was the wife of Jesus. These writers cite Gnostic writings to support their argument. Sources like the Gospel of Philip depict Mary Magdalene as being closer to Jesus than any other disciple
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Roman History
Cassius Dio
/isis Isis Carnival Club is involved in Notting Hill Carnival. The core objective is to keep alive the heritage of “Ole Mas” within UK carnival culture. The historical context of Ole Mas finds its roots in slavery, where the slaves had to find creative ways to share current events and information
Black Virgins @

Isis and Osiris Plutarch, Moralia


Having endured humiliation and degradation as a slave, then having been enfranchised as a citizen, a Roman freedman or freedwoman lived in a world that must have seemed filled with complexities, ambiguities, and paradoxes – not to mention opportunities. Those privileges included, but were not limited to, the right to marry legally, to produce a legitimate Roman family, to vote, and to acquire wealth. Yet behind every new advantage, a reminiscence of one’s servile past could potentially tarnish the brilliance of that opportunity, a circumstance that distinguished ex-slaves (libertini ) from freeborn citizens (ingenui ). Although they were permitted to participate in the political process by voting, libertini could not stand for prestigious elected office. Although able to accumulate property, a freed slave might have had to hand over a portion of his estate upon death to the former master (patronus). And as slave owners themselves, many freed people were at the same time tied by bonds of obligations (obsequium, officium, and operae) to their own former owners. As the very designation libertinus makes explicit, an ex-slave’s past clung to his or her legal and social identity at least as much as the newly acquired citizen status. Nonetheless, to the extent that freed people could accumulate wealth, they could also be prodigious patrons of art and architecture

The Freedman in Roman Art and Art History
by Lauren Hackworth Petersen


Ship of Isis
Stella Maris/Isidis Navigium -one of the modern Carnival's more obvious predecessors.

This Isis festival of the waters still survives throughout the Americas and Europe with the virgin Mary replacing Isis.  The Romans celebrated the goddess Isis as the patroness of sailors and inventor of the sail. The festival of Isis, where her image is carried to the sea-shore to bless the start of the sailing season, was called the "Carrus Navalis"  ("ship cart"). Many believe this is the true origin of the word "Carnival," not the "Farewell to the flesh" from the Latin roots, carne [meat] and vale [farewell], which has been popularized.
Boulogne Madonna
"When I had finished my prayer .. I had scarcely closed my eyes before the apparition of a woman began to rise from the middle of the sea with so lovely a face that the gods themselves would have fallen down in adoration of it."
Lucius Apuleius, The Golden Ass translation by Robert Graves

Queen Isis is the Ocean Star, or Stella Maris, as Mary would later be called in Latin, the guide and protector of navigators identifying Isis with Sirius, the brightest star  and main beacon point in the sky for sailors. The heliacal rising, or date when Sirius can first be seen rising in the east just before the rising of the Sun -  fell each year on July 26, which historically was associated with the annual Nile flood.

The Ocean Star festival was celebrated on the 5th of March. On the evening of this festival, there are ceremonies and songs on boats that blaze with lamps and colors. This day is also an important time marker. It is now 140 days, or 14The image “” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors. decans (10-day "weeks"), until a new flow of red water should begin the next Nile flood on July 26.

When winter storms lose their force, a ship is dedicated to Isis as a new season of sailing begins. This is the ancient Egyptian festival of Isidis Navigium (the ship of Isis), or the Ploiaphesia, which honored Isis' invention of the sail and her patronage of sailing-craft and navigation.

As part of the festivities, a parade was performed in honor of Isis. Here is one description:

"Following in a procession of mummers, the priests carry emblems of Isis. The Chief Priest carries a lamp, a golden boat-shaped light with a tall tongue of flame from a hole in the center. The second priest holds an auxiliaria (ritual pot) in each of his hands, and the third carries a miniature palm-tree. The fourth priest carries a model of the left hand with the fingers stretched out, the emblem of justice as well as a golden vessel in the shape of a woman's breast. From the nipple falls a thin stream of milk. The fifth cleric carries a winnowing-fan woven with golden rods, not osiers. The final man, not a priest, carries a wine-jar.

Next in the procession comes Anubis with a face black on one side and golden on the other, and a man carrying a statue of a cow, representing the Goddess as the fruitful Mother of us all. After them walks a priest with a box containing the secret implements of Isis’ cult, and another priest carries a secret vessel in his robes.

It is a small container of burnished gold with thickly crowded Egyptian hieroglyphics and a rounded bottom, a long spout, and a generously curving handle. Along the handle is an asp raising its head and displaying its throat.

Waiting at the seashore is a beautifully built ship covered with Egyptian hieroglyphics. The sail is fashioned of white linen inscribed with large letters with a prayer for the Goddess's protection of the shipping lanes during the new sailing season, and the long mast is made of fir. The prow is shaped like the neck of Isis's holy goose, and the long keel is cut from a solid trunk of citrus-wood.

"The ship is purified with a lighted torch, an egg, and sulphur, and then hallowed and dedicated to the Goddess. All present place winnowing-fans heaped with aromatics and other votive offerings on board while pouring milk into the sea as a libation. When the ship is loaded with gifts and prayers for good fortune, the anchor cables are cut, setting the ship free."


An Isidis Navigium Procession 345 AD

"Into this playful masquerade of the overflowing populace the procession proper now marched its way. Women glowing in their white vestments moved with symbolic gestures of delight. Blossomy with the chaplets of the Spring, they scattered flowerets out of the aprons of their dresses all along the course of the holy pageant. Others, who bore polished mirrors on their backs, walked before the Goddess and reflected all the people coming after as if they were advancing towards the Image. Others, again, carrying combs of ivory, went through the various caressive motions of combing and dressing the queenly tresses of their Lady; or they sprinkled the street with drops of unguent and genial balm.

"There was a further host of men and women who followed with lanterns, torches, wax tapers, and every other kind of illumination in honor of Her, who was begotten of the Stars of Heaven. Next came the musicians, interweaving in sweetest measures the notes of pipe and flute; and then a supple choir of chosen youths, clad in snow white holiday tunics, came singing a delightful song which an expert poet, by grace of the Muses, had composed for music, and which explained the antique origins of this day of worship. Pipers also, consecrated to mighty Sarapis, played the tunes annexed to the god's cult on pipes with transverse mouthpieces and reeds held sidelong towards the right ear; and a number of officials kept calling out, "Make way for the Goddess!"

(Philocalus, Kal. anno 345) "March 5. Isidis navigium, [more]

Isis gains power of rebirth
Isis became the most powerful of the gods and goddesses in the ancient world. Ra, the God of the Sun, originally had the greatest power. But Ra was uncaring, and the people of the world suffered greatly during his reign.head of Isis
The goddess Isis tricked him by mixing some of his saliva with mud to create a poisonous snake that bit him, causing him great suffering which she then offered to cure. He eventually agreed.

Isis informed Ra that, for the cure to work, she would have to speak his secret name (which was the source of his power over life and death). Reluctantly, he whispered it to her.

When Isis uttered his secret name while performing her magic, Ra was healed. But the goddess Isis then possessed his powers of life and death, and quickly became the most powerful of the Egyptian gods and goddesses, using her great powers to the benefit of the people.

Hilaria – “Osiris has been found"
The Hilaria of the Isis-Osiris cult was marked on November 3, to honor the resurrection of Osiris. The Hilaria of her great rival, Cybele  the official Great Mother of Rome, was merged into Easter in the grand mix that became the Roman Catholic Church following the Council of Nicea in 325 AD
It was a public occasion, marked in the Roman calendar with the name Hilaria – “Osiris has been found”, the crowd shouted for joy.
At the end of the festival, when the above words had been shouted, the priests would fashion a small image in the shape of the crescent moon. Images of Osiris were made of paste and grain; these were watered until the barley sprouted and then floated down the Nile with candles as part of the planting ceremonies. The crowd departed from the temple and made its way down to the sea on the final night. The Hilaria was given over to unrestrained rejoicing, because the god, now risen to immortality, would assess all who had become divine by drinking the milk of Isis.
The gods did not fare any better in these plays: In the Contendings of Horus and Seth [4] the council of gods deliberated for twenty four years about who should inherit Osiris - Seth or Horus. The debauchery of Seth was equal only to his stupidity and Horus wept like a baby on being beaten. Hathor, when called before the creator, dropped her clothes to show how little she valued his decisions.
    While this is not theatre in our sense, it is certainly dramatic dialogue, funny and at times bawdy, which was probably recited before audiences:
After a considerable while Hathor, Lady of the Southern Sycamore, came and stood before her father, the Universal Lord, and she exposed her vagina before his very eyes. Thereupon the great god laughed at her. Then he got right up and sat down with the Great Ennead. He said to Horus and Seth: "Speak concerning yourselves."
    Seth, great in virility, the son of Nut, said: "As for me, I am Seth, greatest in virility among (the) Ennead, for I slay the opponent of Pre daily while I am at the prow of the Bark of the Millions, whereas not any (other) god is able to do it. I should receive the office of Osiris."
    Then they said: "Seth, the son of Nut, is correct."
     Thoth let out a loud cry, saying: "Is it while a bodily son is still living that the office is to be awarded to a maternal uncle?"
    Then said Banebdjede, the living great god: "Is it while Seth, his elder brother, is still living that the office is to be awarded to the (mere) lad?"

The temple of Isis at Pompeii. Engraving by Francesco Piranesi, 1788. London, British Museum. Pompeii.
Isis worship was the last great Mother Goddess religion, competing with Christianity against the official Roman deities and Mithraism till its suppression and destruction by adherents of Christianity. When Mount Vesuvius erupted, we were given a remarkable record of one the great cultural centers of antiquity. Pompeii was a thriving cultural and commercial center of the Mediterranean. 

Here Isis was not only the Egyptian goddess but the great mother goddess. Greek influence is widely apparent, and Isis worship by the Greeks began after Alexander the Great conquered Egypt. When the Romans conquered both Egypt and Greece itself, the worship of Isis spread throughout the Roman Empire. She was venerated as a loving mother goddess who promoted fertility, oversaw the changing of the seasons, and healed the sick. She was also the patron of sailors. There were temples dedicated to Isis and her brother/husband Osiris throughout the Greco-Roman world. These temples were the sites of elaborate daily and annual rituals and were administered by an educated priesthood skilled in music and medicine. Isis worship was especially popular with women and with the new elite who gained wealth and prominence as the Roman empire expanded.

Isis worship was concerned about the acquisition of knowledge, since knowledge could only be attained from the gifts of the gods [3]. Priests of Isis typically shaved their heads and wore linen garments rather than wool [3]. Isis worship did not include a Messianic apocalyptic worldview [2]; however, Isis worship typically excluded other deities and approached a monotheistic viewpoint [2]. Services occurred daily with a solemn morning opening and a nightly closing filled with singing [2]. A ritual bucket for holy Nile water, the situla, and a rattle, the sistrum, were both used in worship [1].
Temple of Isis at Pompeii
The Temple of Isis in Pompeii was small but ornate. It was destroyed in an earthquake in A.D. 62 but was rebuilt shortly after that. The renovation was financed by a freed slave in the name of his young son. There may have been political motivations for this, since freed slaves were not allowed to hold public office, and the son who was appointed as a member of the city council was only six years old. The Temple has a mixture of Egyptian, Greek, and Roman architectural features. This is not surprising since Roman architecture of this period was very ornate, often used bright colors, and borrowed and mixed styles from many eras.

There were many statues in the Temple of Isis and the portico walls were covered with elaborate murals. To the left of the temple was a small roofless structure containing a tank that may have held the sacred water from the Nile, which was very important in many Isis ceremonies. In the rear of the sanctuary was a room containing a marble table where sacred meals were probably served.

Oh holy and blessed Lady the perpetual comfort of humankind who by thy bounty and grace nourishes the whole world and bears a great compassion to the troubles of the miserable as a loving mother would
Lucius Apuleius
After Alexander the Great conquered Egypt in 332 B.C., he and his successors the Ptolomies continued to support the cult of Isis, though in time, the different gods in the Isis pantheon were merged with Greek gods such that Osiris became Osirus-Serapis-Pluto, and Horus became Horus-Harpocrates-Apollo.

When the Romans conquered Egypt in the first century B.C., they in turn venerated Isis. Like other agrarian peoples, the early Roman had reacted to the complexity of life by seeing hosts of gods ruling different things. There were separate gods for different places, different aspects of nature, different stages and conditions of life, and different times of year. There were also state gods that all citizens were expected to worship as a patriotic duty. Later, when Rome started to conquer more and more of her neighbors, foreign gods were also tolerated. But as more and more gods were added, and as Roman society got farther and farther away from its agrarian roots, there was a movement towards seeing the separate gods as different aspects of the same deity, and of seeking more compassionate deities. The worship of Isis was part of this trend. She became immensely popular- first with women and freed slaves, but later with the upper classes of society as well. The priests of Isis became more powerful as well. These priests were ascetics- according to ancient sources they bathed in cold water twice each day and twice each night, and shaved their entire bodies once every three days.

Ancient Egyptian Jewellery - Ankh & Wings of Isis - Which Rules the Elements

The Spread of the Cult of Isis

Testimonies of the cult of Isis are found in Athens, at Tithorea near Delphi (where there was the most sacred of the Greek sanctuaries of Isis), in many centers of Greece, in the islands of the Aegean Sea (particularly at Delos), in Asia Minor, in NorthernThe image “” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors. Africa, in Sicily, in Sardinia, in Spain, in Italy (especially in Campania at Pompeii, Pozzuoli, Ercolano), in Gaul and in Germany. Caligula built a temple to Isis in Rome in 38 AD, but from the time of Julius Caesar there had been a temple to Isis and Serapis on Capitoline Hill. There was a temple of Isis in Southwark, London.

In Rome, the cult had great success. Towards 88 b.C. it was in operation in a college of pastophori: a brotherhood of priests who brought small shrines with the divine images in procession.

In 65 b.C. an altar devoted to Isis in the Capitol was destroyed by order of the Senate.

The followers of Isis, belonging to all the social classes, were involved in the political and social struggles of the last times of the Republic. The Senate ordered the destruction of temples, altars and statues of the goddess in 58, in 54, in 50 and in 48 b.C..

In 50 b.C. the consul Emilius Paolus didn't find any worker willing to demolish the sanctuary of Isis.

In 43 b.C. the triumviris (Mark Antony, Octavian and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus) promised to consecrate a temple to Isis at the Republic's expenses, but the promise was not kept.

After the battle of Actium (31 b.C.) and the death of Cleopatra (69 b.C.-30 b.C.) and of Mark Antony (81 b.C.-30 b.C.) the persecutions against the Greek-Egyptian cults resumed.

In 28 b.C. Augustus (63 b.C.-14 AD) prohibited the cult of Isis within the sacred enclosure of the city (pomoerium).

In 21 b.C. Agrippa, in absence of August, prohibited the Alexandrine cults within a kilometer and a half from the city.

In 19 AD Tiberius (42 b.C.-37 AD) ordered the temple of Isis demolished and her statue thrown in the Tiber River.

The situation changed with Caligula (12-41 AD), descendant of August and of Mark Antony, who built a great temple devoted to Isis in Campus Martius: the Iseum Campense. He was emperor for just four years (37-41 AD) According to Josephus, Caligula himself donned female garb and took part in the mysteries he instituted, and Isis acquired in the Hellenistic age a "new rank as a leading goddess of the Mediterranean world."

In the second century AD Rome became the center of the religion of Isis: it became the sacrosancta civitas according to the denomination of Apuleius in the Metamorphoses.

The great cult of Isis survived until 385 AD, when Christians  destroyed the Serapeum of Alexandria, and subsequently the cult was forbidden by the the edict of Thessalonica, issued by Theodosius (347-395).

In 394 the last official rites were celebrated in honor of Isis in Rome.

In 536 the emperor Justinian (483-565) ordered the closing of the last temple of Isis, situated in the island of Philae on the Nile at the borders with the Nubia, and converted it to a Christian church.

Black Madonnas  Many have theorized that these images and statues hearken back to the worship of the ancient Goddesses Isis and Demeter; indeed, some of the statues themselves are believed to be pre-Christian. Certainly, the image of the divine mother and child-god are older than Christianity, and the tendency of the Catholic Church to borrow, consciously or subconsciously, the iconography ofDownload widespread Pagan cults at the time of it's founding is well known.

Mary Magdalene The black Madonna statues have also been connected to Mary Magdalene, who is often seen as the counterpart of the Virgin "Goddess" Mary- an emblem of fertility and sexuality, a substitute for the missing "Goddess consort" to Christ.

Yemanja is an orisha, originally of the Yoruba religion, who has become prominent in many Afro-American religions. She is a mother goddess; patron deity of women.
Yemanja is linked to the ocean and mermaids, representing the feminine universal principle. She is considered the patron of fishermen. Once a year on February 02 and/or December 31, people in Brazil go to the beaches by the thousands, dressed in white, to offer gifts of flowers, candles, perfume, mirrors, etc. to this entity. Yemanjá is also related to the Moon and the moonlight, and her day is Monday. Blue and silver are her colors

The image “” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.

Every February 2 in Salvador, Bahia, there is a celebration of Iemanjá, which involves thousands of people lining up at dawn to leave their offerings at her shrine in Rio Vermelho. Presents for Iemanjá usually include flowers, perfume, and objects of female vanity (jewelry, combs, mirrors). These are gathered in large baskets and taken out to the sea by local fishermen. Afterwards a massive street party ensues.

In Rio de Janeiro, Iemanjá is celebrated on New Year's Eve, when millions of cariocas dressed in white gather on Copacabana beach to greet the New Year, watch fireworks, and throw flowers and other offerings into the sea for the goddess in the hopes that she will grant them their requests for the coming year.
  • Africa: Yemoja, Ymoja, Iemanja Nana Borocum, Iemanja Bomi, Iemanja Boci
  • Brazil: Yemanjá, Iemanjá, Janaina
  • Cuba: Yemaya, Yemayah, Iemanya
  • Haiti: La Sirène, LaSiren (in Vodou)
  • USA (New Orleans Hoodoo): Yemalla, Yemana
Yemalla pictured in New Orleans Hoodoo
Yemalla pictured in New Orleans Hoodoo

Our Lady of Guadalupe, also called the Virgin of Guadalupe. It is Mexico's most beloved religious and cultural image. Our Lady of is known in Mexico as "La Virgen Morena", which means "The brown-skinned Virgin". Our Lady of Guadalupe's feast day is celebrated on December 12, commemorating the account of her appearances to Juan Diego on the hill of Tepeyac near Mexico City from December 9 through December 12, 1531. The Virgin of Guadalupe represents a special relationship between the indigenous peoples of the American continents and the Catholic Church.
 It has also been suggested that "Guadalupe" is a corruption of a Nahuatl name "Coatlaxopeuh", which has been translated as "Who Crushes the Serpent". The Virgin's image as the Woman of the Apocalypse from the New Testament's Revelation 12:1: "arrayed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars."
The Roman Isis of

Ten Thousand Names

Queen of Heaven
Mother of the Gods
The One Who is All
Lady of Green Crops
The Brilliant One in the Sky
Stella Maris, or  Star of the Sea
Great Lady of Magic
Mistress of the House of Life
She Who Knows How To Make Right Use of the Heart
Light-Giver of Heaven
Lady of the Words of Power
Moon Shining Over the Sea.
High Priestess of Nut "Mistress of Magic"
Demeter to the Greeks
Ceres to the Romans
Spirit of the world order and bearer of the Feather of Truth
The Giver of Life and Crone of Death
"The One Who Is All" or Isis Panthea ("Isis the All Goddess")
goddess of medicine and wisdom
the protector at childbirth, for nurturing and caring of children and for everyone who is in need
teacher of the skills of reading and agriculture
Goddess of the Earth in ancient Egypt and loved her brother Osiris
Her name literally means female of throne, i.e. Queen of the throne. Her original headdress was an empty throne chair belonging to her murdered husband, Osiris. As the personification of the throne, she was an important source of the Pharaoh's power.
Isis embodies the strengths of the feminine, the capacity to feel deeply about relationships, the act of creation, and the source of sustenance and protection
a clever trickster empowered by her feminine wiles rather than her logic or brute strength

"Isis is, in fact, the female principle of Nature, and is receptive of every form of generation, in accord with which she is called by Plato the gentle nurse and the all-receptive, and by most people has been called by countless names, since, because of the force of Reason, she turns herself to this thing or that and is receptive of all manner of shapes and forms. She has an innate love for the first and most dominant of all things, which is identical with the good, and this she yearns for and pursues; fbut the portion which comes from evil she tries to avoid and to reject, for she serves p131them both as a place and means of growth, but inclines always towards the better and offers to it opportunity to create from her and to impregnate her with effluxes and likenesses in which she rejoices and is glad that she is made pregnant and teeming with these creations. For creation is the image of being in matter, and the thing created is a picture of reality."
by Plutarch, Moralia



The Nag Hammadi text, Thunder, Perfect Mind, offers an extraordinary poem spoken in the voice of Sophia as the feminine divine power:

"I am the first and the last I am the honored one and the scorned one I am the whore and the holy one I am the wife and the virgin… I am the barren one, and many are her sons I am the silence and the incomprehensible I am the utterance of my own name… "
Also from the Nag Hammadi text, the Apocalypse of Adam gives us another description of the dive feminine

"..from the nine Muses, one (Sophia) separated away. She came to a high mountain and spent time seated there, so that she desired herself alone in order to become androgynous. She fulfilled her desire, and became pregnant from her desire."


Cleopatra was born in Alexandria in 69 B.C. during the reign of the Ptolemy family to Ptolemy VII. Cleopatra appears to have been a popular name in the family, as her mother bore the name as well as an older sister, making the new daughter Cleopatra the Seventh. Cleopatra took control of the throne of Egypt at only  17 years of age.

Isis is most commonly pronounced
The true Egyptian pronunciation is unknown

"To the Sea"

In the Pythagorean tradition the Crier in the Mysteries would call, "To the Sea" and the candidates for the mysteries had to enter the ocean, with the intent of being purified by the salt water.

Meditation In Movement

Dance was once the way in which the village healed itself. It was meditation in movement and linked this with the ancient gods and deepest feelings known to people. This allows the fullest expression of the spirit in the physical body. Through dance  our consciousness is allowed  to inhabit the whole of the body
The Sistrum From Plutarch's Isis and Osiris. "The Sistrum is designed to represent to us, that every thing must be kept in continual agitation, and never cease from motion; that they ought to be roused and well-shaken, whenever they begin to grow drowsy as it were, and to droop in their motion.

To this day the celebration of the flooding of the Nile each year is called "The Night of the Drop" by Muslims. . . for it used to be named "The Night of the Tear-Drop," a remembrance of the extent of the Isis' lamentation of the death of Osiris, her tears so plentiful they caused the Nile to overflow.

Madonna Tal-Ghar

Madonna of the Grotto --Rabat Malta
more from a Goddess Journey


...Revel in pleasure while your life endures
And deck your head with myrrh. Be richly clad
In white and perfumed linen; like the gods
Anointed be; and never weary grow
In eager quest of what your heard desires -
Do as it prompts you...

-- Lay of the Harpist

After the fall of the great Pharaonic era and the worship of gods and goddesses, many statues of Bastet were discovered, adorned with gold jewellery, with their tails wrapped around their bodies to the right, with gifts of perfume and treasures. Today, many households own a small statue of Bastet to protect the family.

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Isis is often depicted with a throne on her head and with wings, representing ascension, and linked with the Phoenix, the female bird of resurrection.
The ancient Greeks recognized the Phoenix Cycle, derived from the ancient Egyptian legends of the Bennu bird that rose from its own ashes every 500 years. The Egyptian year comprised twelve 30-day months – each month of which was divided into three 10-day decans heralded by the heliacal rising of a certain star – plus five "epagomenal days."
Calendrical corrections were based on such once-secret details as the Egyptian Sothic cycles and were connected with the Rebirth of the Phoenix. The Phoenix, or Bennu bird, dwells on the ben-ben stone or obelisk, and makes its appearance once every 500 years. According to ancient Egyptian tradition, it came from Arabia, carrying in its beak an egg of myrrh which contained its father's body. This egg is similar to Geb's egg. However, the Egyptian pharaohs were sworn not to change the calendar and so it became more and more disassociated from the original astronomy upon which it was based. Early Egyptian Christian mystics under Saint Mark combined forces with the Alexandrine Greeks to develop a calendar system that was coordinated with the Egyptian Phoenix Cycle's rhythm, past and future. It was accepted in 525 CE and introduced by the Roman theologian and mathematician, Dionysius Exioguus. With each Phoenix cycle's culmination, and for a hundred years on either side, an influx of special souls was predicted to incarnate, whose chosen work was to raise the overall planetary consciousness. The 20th century marks the beginning of a new Phoenix Cycle (1900-2100).

The Bennu was also considered a manifestation of the resurrected Osiris, and the bird was often shown perched in his sacred willow tree.

The Bennu was known as the legendary phoenix to the Greeks. Herodotus, the Greek historian, says the following about the Bennu:

"Another sacred bird is the phoenix; I have not seen a phoenix myself, except in paintings, for it is very rare and only visits the country (so they say at Heliopolis) only at intervals of five hundred years, on the occasion of the death of the parent bird."