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Hispaniola's Colon Memorial Lighthouse
Discovery of the Americas in 1499
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 [F] Columbus link Lists & Resources 
Columbus concentration game
Olmecs & Mother Africa
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Dawning of Age of Aquarius
-the roots of the  Church's willingness to let the colonies and slaves have one celebration
Strange But True

Christobal Colon [krEstO'bäl kOlOn'] , 14511506, European explorer, b. Genoa, Italy.
This most popular portrait of Columbus by Sebastiano del Piombo was painted thirteen years after Columbus's death. It is a mystery what this supposedly very vain man looked like.

 What did Columbus look like? by Paul Martin Lester 
  • Rafael Trujillo, brutal dictator of the Dominican Republic for 30 years, until his assassination in 1961, would signal the imminent removal of an inner circle advisor by ceremoniously awarding him the Christobal Colon medal. His first recipient had died from tetanus when Trujillo had inadvertently stuck him with the pin of the Colon medal he was awarding. Most of his fellow citizens also believed in the curse and would rarely use the name Christobol Colon, instead using terms like "the founder" or "the discoverer."
  • His name wasn't Columbus at all. He was named Christoforo Colombo and he  also called himself Christobal Colon. The debate extends to tracing his lineage, which is generally thought to be Italian or Genoese, but there are many counter claims.
  • Certainly portentous being named after Saint Christopher, who carried the Christ child safely through the waters and was the patron saint of travelers until he was dropped by the Church in 1969 for likely being too legendary in origin.  
  • He didn't actually make land on October 12th 1492, as the history books will tell you, but on October 13th 1492. The Church thought the 12th a much more auspicious date for the history books than the unlucky 13th. Rodrigo, the fellow who sighted the land on the 12th became embittered for not receiving any recognition and the reward of a lifetime pension when Columbus claimed he saw a light the evening before, and later changed his faith from Christianity to Muslim. 
  • Not all the diseases which were largely responsible for reducing the native populations by 90% flowed from Europe to the Americas. Columbus and his crew likely brought back syphilis to Spain from Hispaniola.
  • As a colonial governor of Hispaniola, Columbus was a failure. The settlers resented his inept, heavy hand and his replacement sent Columbus back to Spain in chains in 1500, where he made plans for his 4th and final voyage.
  •  Columbus believed he was guided by the Holy Spirit toward a great destiny. At the age of 25 Columbus had survived a shipwreck and six-mile swim. He told his son Ferdinand that this was evidence that he was a man of destiny, that God had a plan for him. 
    I have already said that reason, mathematics, and maps of the world were of no use to me in the execution of the enterprise of the Indies. What Isaiah said was completely fulfilled." Columbus 1492

    "God made me the messenger of the new heaven and the new earth of which he spoke in the Apocalypse of St. John [Rev. 21:1] after having spoken of it through the mouth of Isaiah; and he showed me the spot where to find it."  Columbus 1500 

    "There can be no doubt that the faith of Columbus was genuine and sincere, and that his frequent communion with forces unseen was a vital element in his achievement."
    Pulitzer-Prize-winning biographer Samuel Eliot Morison, more

  •  Columbus was seeking the Sea of China, where the fabled island of Cipangu under the rule of the Great Khan lay, and houses were roofed with gold and streets paved in marble. Columbus pledged all the gold he would find would be put to the use of the church in renewing the crusades. 
    `Surely under these conditions God will grant my prayers.''
    Taken from, Edwin Erle Sparks, ``The Expansion of the American People,'' Scott Foresman and co., Chicago1900, page 26. 
  • Gold fever and Columbus part in spreading it throughout the Mediterranean was the main reason his message of discovery had such dramatic impact 
    'Gold is the most exquisite of all things.'    'Whoever possesses gold can acquire all that he desires in the world. Truly, for with gold he can gain entrance for his soul into paradise.'
  • "If it strikes often enough, a drop of water can wear a hole in a stone."
    The socially ambitious but awkward Italian Columbus spent seven years lobbying the Spanish court for his
    crazy "enterprise of the Indies."
  • When Columbus set sail the common belief was that the earth was like platter floating in an Ocean of the Universe and that venturing to far would mean falling off the edge into darkness and perhaps boiling water, or unknown monsters who would easily consume you.
  • The people who met Columbus were converted by him into "Indians": the first "race" ever, a concept which had not yet been invented.
  • Columbus was the new world's first slave trader. Failing at finding enough gold to pay dividends to investors in in his second voyage, Columbus returned to Spain with 500 Arawaks of which 300 survived to be sold "naked as the day they were born," 
  • Columbus lost nine ships in the course of his four voyages, more
  • Columbus went to his grave ignorant of the fact that he had discovered a new world, supposing that he had missed Japan, but had landed among the islands of India, and hence called the inhabitants, Indians. This meant he lost his opportunity to have the continent named after him and instead another Italian navigator, Amerigo Vespucci, won that distinction, having announced the discovery of a new continent in 1500. 
  • The centerpiece of the center of the cross which shapes the Columbus lighthouse is an altar holding the Discoverer's bones. But both Havana, Cuba and Seville, Spain claim they possess the bones of the discoverer.
  • There is no consensus on what Columbus looked like since his first portrait or likeness of this well known vain man was not done until 13 years after his death. We used this to create a concentration game so you can feel the difference as the timer counts down to your deadline. [3 skill levels & Carnaval dancer option too! click grid pic to enter game]
  • As the Dominican Republic got ready to dedicate its monumental lighthouse to Columbus a mob in Haiti was throwing its main statue of Columbus into the sea. Columbus lost his flag ship off the coast Haiti and Haiti also quickly wiped out Columbus first outpost of 39 men. On Columbus' return he was presented with gold tipped spears from Africa by Haitians. Haiti is famous for its African based religions which believes in curses. more
  • Columbus' most important religious writing—the Libro de las profecias, or Book of Prophecies, was only translated into English in the year 2000 more
  • Columbus was a Portuguese double agent working for King John II, who’s objective was to distract Spain from his monopoly of African gold trade and the soon-to-be-opened sea route around Africa to India. This from historians Manuel Rosa and Eric Steele who working with  DNA research begun in 2003 have published  Unmasking Columbus: Lies, Spies Cover-up and Conspiracy which will be available as an  an e-book in 2007 at their site
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Columbus Pedigree
In 2005, the testimony collected by Columbus replacement as governor of the New World was released. Among the most shocking stories was brother Bartolome Columbus barbaric response to his pedigree being insulted.

"Columbus was in his forty-first year when he burst upon the world stage. After forsaking his father’s loom in Savona he had spent some nine years in obscurity in Portugal. He came from a poor family and did not receive much education. According to the custom of the time, he Latinized his name of Christoforo Colombo into Columbus, and when he went to Spain adopted the Spanish form of it, Cristobal Colon. He was the eldest son of Domenico Colombo, a wool-comber, and his wife, Susanna Fontanarossa

1467 Christopher Columbus traveled to Iceland when he was sixteen years old
1470 The Columbus family moved to Savona
Christopher Columbus travelled the seas as a pirate, or Privateer, attacking ships belonging to the Moors
1476 Christopher Columbus ship is sunk in a battle off Portugal, but he swims ashore. The distance of 6 miles convinces Columbus God has a great plan ahead for him.
1477 Christopher Columbus joined his brother Bartholomew who worked as a cartographer, in Lisbon
1479 Christopher Columbus married wealthy Felipa Perestrello Moniz, a daughter from a noble Portuguese family
Felipa's father was Bartolomeu Perestrello an explorer who had been involved with the discovery of the Madeira Islands ( Bartolomeu Perestrello had died when Felipa was a young girl)
Felipa gave Christopher Columbus Bartolomeu Perestrello's charts of the winds and currents of the Portuguese possessions in the Atlantic maker and purveyor of maps and marine charts in collaboration with his younger brother Bartolomé. During this period he married a poor but aristocratic young Portuguese woman who bore him a son; he also supposedly made one or more sea voyages in an unidentified capacity.

1485: Some time in those years he had conceived his enterprise of discovery. Finding no acceptance of it in Portugal, he had come to Castile in the early months of 1485 after his wife’s death. There he had eked out a precarious living as an itinerant peddler of books and maps, existing partly on charitable handouts from noble patrons whom he had managed to interest in his enterprise.

Unequaled navigator using dead reckoning: A shipmate at the end of the Second Voyage wrote: "But there is one thing that I wish you to know, that, in my humble opinion, since Genoa was Genoa, no other man has been born so magnanimous and so keen in practical navigation as the above-mentioned Lord Admiral: for, when navigating, by only looking at a cloud or by night at a star he knew what was going to happen and whether there would be foul weather; he himself both conned and steered at the helm; and when the storm had passed over, he made sail while others were sleeping."