Trujillo, brutal dictator of the Dominican Republic for 30 years, until
his assassination in 1961, would signal the imminent removal of an inner
circle advisor by ceremoniously awarding him the Christobal Colon medal.
His first recipient had died from tetanus when Trujillo had inadvertently
stuck him with the pin of the Colon medal he was awarding. Most of his fellow citizens also believed in the
curse and would rarely use the name Christobol Colon, instead using
terms like "the founder" or "the discoverer."
name wasn't Columbus at all. He was named Christoforo Colombo and
called himself Christobal Colon. The debate extends to
tracing his lineage, which is generally thought to be Italian or
Genoese, but there are many
- Certainly portentous being named after Saint Christopher, who
carried the Christ child safely through the waters and was the patron
saint of travelers until he was dropped by the Church in 1969 for likely being
too legendary in origin.
didn't actually make land on October 12th 1492, as the history books will
tell you, but on October 13th 1492. The Church thought the
12th a much more auspicious date for the history books than the unlucky
13th. Rodrigo, the fellow who sighted the land on the 12th became embittered for
not receiving any recognition and the reward of a lifetime pension
when Columbus claimed he saw a light the evening before, and later changed his faith from
Christianity to Muslim.
all the diseases which were largely responsible for reducing the
native populations by 90% flowed from Europe to the Americas. Columbus and his crew
likely brought back syphilis to Spain from Hispaniola.
- As a colonial governor of Hispaniola, Columbus was a failure. The
settlers resented his inept, heavy hand and his replacement sent
Columbus back to Spain in chains in 1500, where he made plans for his
4th and final voyage.
- Columbus believed he was guided by the Holy
Spirit toward a great destiny. At the age of 25 Columbus had
survived a shipwreck and six-mile swim. He told his son Ferdinand that
this was evidence that he was a man of destiny, that God had a plan
|I have already said that reason, mathematics, and maps of the world
were of no use to me in the execution of the enterprise of the Indies.
What Isaiah said was completely fulfilled." Columbus 1492
"God made me the messenger of the new heaven and the new earth
of which he spoke in the Apocalypse of St. John [Rev. 21:1] after
having spoken of it through the mouth of Isaiah; and he showed me the
spot where to find it."
"There can be no doubt that the faith of Columbus was
genuine and sincere, and that his frequent communion with forces
unseen was a vital element in his achievement."
Pulitzer-Prize-winning biographer Samuel Eliot Morison, more
was seeking the Sea of China, where the fabled island of Cipangu under
the rule of the Great Khan lay, and houses were roofed with gold and
streets paved in marble. Columbus pledged all the gold he would
find would be put to the use of the church in renewing the crusades.
`Surely under these conditions
God will grant my prayers.'' Taken from, Edwin Erle Sparks, ``The Expansion of the
American People,'' Scott Foresman and co., Chicago1900, page 26.
- Gold fever and Columbus part in spreading it
throughout the Mediterranean was the main reason his message of
discovery had such dramatic impact
|'Gold is the
most exquisite of all things.' 'Whoever
possesses gold can acquire all that he desires in the world.
Truly, for with gold he can gain entrance for his soul into
- "If it strikes often enough, a drop of
water can wear a hole in a stone."
The socially ambitious but awkward Italian Columbus spent seven years
lobbying the Spanish court for his crazy "enterprise of the
- When Columbus set sail the common belief was that the earth was like
platter floating in an Ocean of the Universe and that venturing to far
would mean falling off the edge into darkness and perhaps boiling
water, or unknown monsters who would easily consume you.
- The people who met Columbus were converted by him into
"Indians": the first "race" ever, a concept which
had not yet been invented.
- Columbus was the new world's first
slave trader. Failing at finding enough gold to pay dividends to
investors in in his second voyage, Columbus returned to Spain with 500
Arawaks of which 300 survived to be sold "naked as the day they
- Columbus lost nine ships in the course of his four voyages, more
- Columbus went to his grave ignorant of the fact that he had discovered a new
world, supposing that he had missed Japan, but had landed among the islands of India, and
hence called the inhabitants, Indians. This meant he lost his
opportunity to have the continent named after him and instead another
Italian navigator, Amerigo Vespucci, won that distinction, having
announced the discovery of a new continent in 1500.
- The centerpiece of the center of the cross which shapes the Columbus
lighthouse is an altar holding the Discoverer's bones. But both Havana,
Cuba and Seville, Spain claim they possess the bones of the
- There is no consensus on what Columbus looked like since his first
portrait or likeness of this well known vain man was not done until 13
years after his death. We used this to create a concentration game so
you can feel the difference as the timer counts down to your deadline.
[3 skill levels & Carnaval dancer option too! click grid pic to enter
- As the Dominican Republic got ready to dedicate its monumental
lighthouse to Columbus a mob in Haiti was throwing its main statue of
Columbus into the sea. Columbus lost his flag ship off the coast Haiti
and Haiti also quickly wiped out Columbus first outpost of 39 men. On
Columbus' return he was presented with gold tipped spears from Africa
by Haitians. Haiti is famous for its African based religions which
believes in curses.
- Columbus' most important religious writing—the Libro de las
profecias, or Book of Prophecies, was only translated into
English in the year 2000
- Columbus was a Portuguese
double agent working for King John II, who’s objective was to distract
Spain from his monopoly of African gold trade and the soon-to-be-opened
sea route around Africa to India.
This from historians
Manuel Rosa and Eric Steele who working with DNA research begun in
2003 have published
Unmasking Columbus: Lies, Spies Cover-up and Conspiracy which
will be available as an an e-book in 2007 at their site
In 2005, the testimony collected by Columbus
replacement as governor of the New World was released. Among the
most shocking stories was brother Bartolome Columbus barbaric
response to his pedigree being insulted.
"Columbus was in his forty-first year when he burst upon
the world stage. After forsaking his
father’s loom in Savona he had spent some nine years in
obscurity in Portugal. He came from a poor family and did not
receive much education. According to the custom of the time, he
Latinized his name of Christoforo Colombo into Columbus, and
when he went to Spain adopted the Spanish form of it, Cristobal
Colon. He was the eldest son of Domenico Colombo, a wool-comber,
and his wife, Susanna Fontanarossa
1467 Christopher Columbus traveled to Iceland when he was
sixteen years old
1470 The Columbus family moved to Savona
Christopher Columbus travelled the seas as a pirate, or
Privateer, attacking ships belonging to the Moors
1476 Christopher Columbus ship is sunk in a battle off
Portugal, but he swims ashore. The distance of 6 miles convinces
Columbus God has a great plan ahead for him.
1477 Christopher Columbus joined his brother Bartholomew
who worked as a cartographer, in Lisbon
1479 Christopher Columbus married wealthy Felipa
Perestrello Moniz, a daughter from a noble Portuguese family
Felipa's father was Bartolomeu Perestrello an explorer
who had been involved with the discovery of the Madeira
Islands ( Bartolomeu Perestrello had died when Felipa was a
Felipa gave Christopher Columbus Bartolomeu Perestrello's charts
of the winds and currents of the Portuguese possessions in the
Atlantic maker and purveyor of maps and marine charts in
collaboration with his younger brother Bartolomé. During this
period he married a poor but aristocratic young Portuguese woman
who bore him a son; he also supposedly made one or more sea
voyages in an unidentified capacity.
time in those years he had conceived his enterprise of
discovery. Finding no acceptance of it in Portugal, he had come
to Castile in the early months of 1485 after his wife’s death.
There he had eked out a precarious living as an itinerant
peddler of books and maps, existing partly on charitable
handouts from noble patrons whom he had managed to interest in
Unequaled navigator using dead reckoning:
A shipmate at the end of the Second Voyage wrote:
"But there is one thing that I wish you to know, that, in my
humble opinion, since Genoa was Genoa, no other man has been
born so magnanimous and so keen in practical navigation as the
above-mentioned Lord Admiral: for, when navigating, by only
looking at a cloud or by night at a star he knew what was going
to happen and whether there would be foul weather; he himself
both conned and steered at the helm; and when the storm had
passed over, he made sail while others were sleeping."