From the deepest oceans
to the outermost reaches of space to the genetic code of human
life. The same adventurous spirit that propelled Columbus'
explorations will enable us to challenge old assumptions,
acquire new knowledge, and broaden the horizons of humankind.
Columbus' story illustrates the importance of diversity.
Columbus was born and raised in Italy; he learned much of his
seafaring knowledge and experience from Portuguese sailors and
navigators; and he put those skills in service to the King and
Queen of Spain, who funded his explorations. By establishing a
safe, reliable route between Europe and the New World, Columbus
opened the door for subsequent explorers from Spain, France, and
England and for the millions of immigrants who would be welcomed
by America in later centuries. But the encounters between
Columbus and other European Explorers and the native peoples of
Hemisphere also underscore what can happen when cultures clash
and when we are unable to understand and respect people who are
different from us.
more from President Bill Clinton on Columbus Day 2000
It is in this same
spirit that Carnaval.com proposes more cruisers explore the Gulf
of Paria and the Orinoco River
Hugo Chávez walks
with Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva - March 29,
Checking Out Chavez’s Venezuela
Planet, CA - Dec 29, 2006
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez urged Latin Americans to not
celebrate the Columbus Day holiday. Chavez blamed Columbus for
leading the way in the mass genocide of the Native Americans.
"Representatives of the governments of the world, good morning
to all of you. First of all, I would like to invite you, very
respectfully, to those who have not read this book, to read it.
Noam Chomsky, one of the most prestigious American and world
intellectuals, Noam Chomsky, and this is one of his most recent
books, Hegemony or Survival: The Imperialist Strategy of the
United States. It’s an excellent book to help us
understand what has been happening in the world throughout the
20th century, and what’s happening now, and the greatest threat
looming over our planet.
The hegemonic pretensions of the American empire are placing at
risk the very survival of the human species. We continue to warn
you about this danger and we appeal to the people of the United
States and the world to halt this threat, which is like a sword
hanging over our heads....We want ideas to save our planet, to
save the planet from the imperialist threat. And hopefully in
this very century, in not too long a time, we will see this, we
will see this new era, and for our children and our
grandchildren a world of peace based on the fundamental
principles of the United Nations, but a renewed United Nations.
And maybe we have to change location. Maybe we have to put the
United Nations somewhere else; maybe a city of the south. We’ve
interview later with CNN en Español, Chavez said he had good
relations with President Clinton, but of Bush he said, "With
this cowboy you can't even talk ... the Texan who walks around
shooting from the hip."
Today we have
other worlds to explore --
them as sinners, he was interested only in the ones who could
lead him to gold, and it wasn't long before he was proposing
shipping Indians back to Spain as slaves. But the Catholic kings
had qualms - surprisingly, since there was a flourishing market
in Spain for African slaves. They summoned a committee, which
thought that, on the whole, it was not right. The monarchs
ordered that, so long as the natives were "submissive", they
should be treated well and educated. Each family should have its
own house, and mixed marriages were to be encouraged.
civilizations, from cartoons to the pope, the riotous debate.
It is still arguable whether political
scientist Samuel Huntington's thesis that a "clash of
civilizations" between European-rooted liberalism, respect for
reason, and tolerance, and Islamic-rooted religious enthusiasm
is an inevitable part of our future. But several events this
past year suggest the danger level is high.
When in January cartoons by a
few previously obscure Danish cartoonists were published, some
of which lampooned the Prophet Muhammad, complaints were not
enough for some Islamic enthusiasts. Instead there were riots in
the Middle East and threats in Denmark, purposely orchestrated
by ambitious mullahs. Later in the year, when Pope Benedict XVI
quoted a 14th-century pope who was critical of Islam – in the
context of a nuanced discussion of the difficulty of reconciling
faith and reason – churches were burned, and a nun was shot in
Furthermore, restive Muslims
rioted in France, and native-born Britons planted bombs on the
subway. Europe has little experience with cultural assimilation,
but it will have to get up to speed quickly. Moderate Muslims –
still the vast majority – need to step up and serve as bridges
between cultures. And if the U.S. ever hopes to neutralize "Islamofascist"
terrorism it will have to learn a lot more about Islam and how
to talk with sincere but reasonable believers.
- While many in the United States of
America generally refer to the country as America and
themselves as Americans, many people elsewhere in the Americas
resent what they perceive as appropriation of the term in this
context and, thus, this usage is frequently avoided. In Canada,
their southern neighbour is seldom referred to as "America" with
"the United States", "the U.S.", or (informally) "the States" The
most common way to distinguish is singular/plural or
America/Americas and adding "the" with the plural "s" is even more
- A hemispheric free-trade
agreement, long a goal of U.S. policy, seems like a long shot as
"populist" rulers love to blame the poverty of their countries on
the very activity – international trade – that stands the best
chance of relieving it.